Full Completes / Maximums
Please note : at this level of roulette play the correct terminology for dealer is croupier.
In the single zero version of the game (known as European roulette in the United States) a system of progressive betting is used. For example, put simply, if the casino allows a maximum bet of $1000 on a 35-1 straight-up, then on each 17-1 split connected to that straight-up $2000 may be wagered. Each 8-1 corner (covers four numbers) may have $4000 wagered on it. Each 11-1 street (covers three numbers) may have $3000 wagered on it. Each 5-1 sixline may have $6000 wagered on it.
Using the above figures it can be seen that a set number of chips will "complete" a number. Most often these full completes are bet by high rollers (known as whales in Las Vegas) as "Maximum Bets".
Inside column numbers, that is number 5 through number 32 working down the middle column each cost 40 pieces to complete. Most often when working with these bets everything is done, and referred to, in pieces.
On a $1000 maximum table this bet would cost $40,000, and would be called as (for example) "17 to the maximum". The payout for this bet if the chosen number wins is 392 pieces, in the case of a $1000 straight-up maximum, $40,000 bet, a payout of $392,000. The player's wagered 40 pieces, as with all winning bets in roulette, are still his property and in the absence of a request to the contrary are left up to possibly win again on the next spin.
The player calls his bet to the croupier (most often after the ball has been spun) and places enough chips to cover the bet on the table within reach of the croupier. The croupier will immediately announce the bet (repeat back what the player has just said), ensure that the correct monetary amount has been given whilst simultaneously placing the chips either on the rim of the wheel, a "full complete" or "maximum" button being placed on top of them and another "full complete" or "maximum" button of the same colour being placed on the chosen number on the layout (most common in Europe), or placing the chips given for the bet on the chosen number on the layout with a "full complete" marker button on top of them (most common in Las Vegas).
The 2nd column is often referred to as the inside column. Numbers 5 to 32 in this column cost 40 pieces each to complete. The payout for a win on these numbers is 392 pieces.
The 1st and 3rd columns are referred to as outside columns. 1st column numbers 4 to 31 and 3rd column numbers 6 to 33, cost 30 pieces each to complete. The payout for a win on these 30 piece bets is 294 pieces.
Zero costs 17 pieces to complete and pays 235 pieces. Number 1 and number 3 each cost 27 pieces and pay 297 pieces. Number 2 is a 36 piece bet and pays 396 pieces. Numbers 34 and 36 each cost 18 pieces and pay 198 pieces. Number 35 is a 24 piece bet which pays 264 pieces.
Most typically (Mayfair casinos in London and other top class European casinos) with these "maximum" or "full complete" bets nothing (except the aforementioned maximum button) are ever placed on the layout even in the case of a win. Experienced gaming staff, and the type of customers playing such bets, are fully aware of the payouts and so the croupier simply makes up the correct payout, announces it's value to the table inspector (floor person in the USA) and the customer, and then passes it to the customer, but only after a verbal authorisation from the inspector has been received. Also typically at this level of play (house rules allowing) the experienced croupier caters to the needs of the customer and will most often add the customer's winning bet to the payout, as the type of player playing these bets very rarely bets the same number two spins in succession. For example the winning 40 piece / $40,000 bet on "17 to the maximum" pays 392 pieces / $392,000. The experienced croupier would pay the player 432 pieces / $432,000, that is 392 + 40, with the announcement that the payout "is with your bet down Sir".
Experienced single zero croupiers learn and remember all of the above information.
There are also several methods to determine the payout should a number adjacant to a chosen number be the winner, for example player bets 40 pieces on "23 to the maximum" and number 26 is the winning number. The most notable method is known as the "station" system or method, roulette dealing at this level is very complex and the exact methods are beyond the scope of this article, suffice to say a "good experienced croupier" would have no problem working with "stations".
In some casinos player's may bet these completes for less than the table straight-up maximum, for example, "number 17 full complete by $25" would cost $1000, that is 40 pieces each at $25 value.